Sylhet is an ancient territory of Bengal. Beanibazar upazila is on the eastern border of Sylhet. on its north, there is Kanairghat, on the south Barlekha, on the west Golapgong and on the east Karimgong of India.The river Surma flows on its north border, on the south the river Sunai has separated the upazila from Moulovibazar. The Kushiara flows though the middle and on the east. The Sunai flows over a large area.This upazila inherited a glorious tradition. Its past history is also very attractive. But due to proper nourishment the glorious tradition of past history is somewhat ambiguous. The scattered facts and incidents that are available in various books are not accepted by all as authentic.
There goes a story behind its name. Present upazila complex was once high land of dense forest. There was abode of many wild animals, with dusk they used to come out for prey. And this is why in the evening people used to come here rarely. So the hut sets in the morning, it was named “Beanibazar” (Morning market). But now these days are gone. There can be no trace of any wild animal even a fox at dead of night. Its name and area are changing day by day. Its ancient name is “Tenguri”.
Name of its greatest “pargana” is Panchakhanda. In remote past Panchakhanda and Beanibazar were of synonomical. Many romantic stories of bravery and chivalry of the people are still in vague as legend. On the contrary it is learnt from the copper plate of Nidonpur that Mohabhuti Barma the great grand father of Bhaskar Barma king of Kamrupa (the lord of Pragjyotish pur) executed a copper plate donating some land included within the territory of “Mayur Shallam” in Chandrapuri or Chandrapur ( District ) of his kingdom after the name of a deity for his daily worship and maintenance and rest some portion to some Brahmin as permanent Khas land ( revenue free ). In the copper plate it is only mentioned as included within the Chandrapuri Bisay ( District ) of Vast landscape of Kamrup Kingdom. As there was no mention of Bhukti ( Province ) and Mandal ( District ). Some archeologist opined that it was situated in north Bengal. But according to Dr. Nalinikanta Bhattacharjee and some after the component area of copper plate was Panchakhanda and its near by place.
The Nidanpur copper plate was discovered within 1912 – 25 A.D. Among the seven pieces of the copper plates containing the inscribed Proclamation of Bhaskar Barma, the king of Kamrup, 6 (six) pieces were discovered with copper royal seal marked with elephant.
Another account reveals that some times in seventh century certain adventurous person, named Kalidas Pal of Pal dynasty came to Panchakhanda from Rar province by a daring boat journey and started ruling as a king. At the period of his 5th succeeding generation, the Pal dynasty lost Panchakhanda. Panchakhanda then came under the rule of Muslim. At the time of King Ramjiban Pal.
In 1303 A.D, Sylhet came under the Muslim rule. At that time preaching of islam started. In no time it became a popular religion. Before the arrival of Hazrat Shahjalal there were three kingdoms as Laur, Gour and Jainta and Beanibazar was under gour. According to Dewan Ajraf Khan pargana Isakal of Sunamgong sadar to Panchakhanda, on the north Khasia hill and south the river Kushiara was under gour. After Shahjalal’s conquering Sylhet and before coming under Mughal rule, Sylhet was ruled by different rulers. Among them the Pathan ruled for remarkable period. Sometimes Sylhet went under Tipra, Coch, Kachar ruler. As Beanibazar was a part and parcel of Sylhet, it is said that, as ruled from Sylhet the contemporary event had far-reaching effect on Beanibazar.
Before Panchakhanda was declared as pargana as per the then custom it was called as “Chaturak”. Chaturak under “Bishaya” (District) was equivalent to present upazila , a landscape of 60/70 squares miles area.
Even after formation of pargana the name of “Panchakhanda Chaturak” was mentioned in a Persian document of 25th Ashar, 1092 B.S (1685 A.D) during the reign of Emperor Aurangazeb. Later on “Panchakhanda Chaturak” was turned into “Panchakhanda” pargana. There after Phanchakhanda pargana was divided into “Panchakhanda Khala” “Bahadurpur”, “Shahbajpur”, “Aurangabad Matikata”. But the main landscape was known as Phanchakanda Kala.
In 1st August 1989 Beanibazar thana was upgraded to upazila. It was inaugurated by the then Health and Population Minister General Shamsul Haq.
Beanibazar Market was established by Krishna Kishore Pal Chowdhury, son of Ray Bahadur Hare Krishna Roy Chowdhury, the 1st Dewan of Sylhet
About the name “Beanibazar”
The name “Beanibazar”, correct spelling is ‘Bihani Bazaar’ which means “morning market”. In the past, Beanibazar was surrounded mostly by jungles with many tigers that attacked people regularly at night. They made it almost impossible for the residents to go the bazaar after dusk to buy or sell daily necessary items. For this reason most of the shopping activities was held in the morning and hence the name Beanibazar.Previously, Beanibazar was called “Pancha Khanda” which means “Five Parts”.
(a) Name of Upazila : Beanibazar.
(b) Boarder side of Upazila : North : Kanaighat, East : Jakigong & India’s Karimgong,
South : Borolekha, West : Golapgong.
(c) Established as a Upazila : 1st August 1983.
(d) Distance Between District : 51 Km.
(e) Union Parishad/Municipality: Union Parishad :10, Municipality: 01.
(f) Number of Moujas : 146
(g) Number of Villages : 179
(h) Number of joint Villages : 02
(a) Total land area : 249 Sq Km.
(b) Total land : 62110.00 Acres.
(c) Cultivable land : 40823.00 Acres.
(d) Not cultivable land : 935.00 Acres.
(e) Net Fruit able land : 39025.00 Acres.
(f) Non agricultural land : 21512.00 Acres.
(g) Govt. land : 355.88 acres.
(h) Tofshil office : 05
(i) Sub Register Office : 01
(a) Total Population : 210300.
(b) Male : 105580
(c) Female : 104720
(d) Religious Type Population : Muslim: 200990,Hindu : 9235 , Other’s : 74.
(e) Population Increment : Birth : 3.58 , Death : 2.39 , Increment: 1.19.
(f) Per Km. Live in Average People : 829.
(g) Total Number of Family : 31725.
(h) Total Number of Farmer family : 15551.
(i) Total Business family: 6323.
(j) Total employee family : 2026.
(k) Others: 7825.
(l) Average Per family Member: 6.51
(m) Number of houses: 280.25 (n) Number of Voter: Male: 54495, Female: 63611.
Educational Institute Information
(a) Percentage of Education: 43.4%.
(b) Number of colleges: Govt.-01, Non Govt. – 03.
(c) Secondary School: Govt.-0, Non Govt. – 32.
(d) Junior High School: 03.
(e) Number of Primary Schools: Govt.- 113,Non Govt.- 32.
(f) Number of Satellite School: 12.
(g) Number of Mosque/ Moktob-
• Senior Madrasah-05.
• Dakil Madrasah: 10.
• Ebtadiye Madrasah; 10.
• Furqaniah Madrasah: 325.
• Hafiziah Madrasah: 13.
(h) Girls Training Institute: 02.
(i) Number of institutes under stipend:
• High School: 28.
• Junior High School: 01.
• Madrasah: 06.
(j) Number of institute under Education for Food Scheme:
• Number of Primary School: 29.
• Number Students: 2360
(k) Public Library: 02.
(l) Number of Mosque: 390.
(m) Number of Temple: 19.
(n) Number of Mazar: 7.
(o) Hindu Holycity: 01.
(a) Number of Cultivable land: 39025.00 Acres.
(b) Chief Produce Food’s: Rice, Orange, Pineapple, Battle nut.
(c) Land under Cultivation: 18151.00 acres.
(d) Number of Power Pumps: 44.
(e) Deep Tubwell:10.
(g) Power Tiller: 35.
(h) Food Reserver:2 (Capacity – 1000 ton)
(i) Union VGF Centre:11.
(j) Fertilizer, Seed Godownr: 01.
(k) Number of cannel & river under cultivation: 12.
(l) Average rain: 105.
(m) Average temperature: 95.
Health & Family Planning
(a) Upazila Health Complex: 01.
(b) Mother & child Care Centre: 01.
(c) Union Health Centre: 05.
(d) Family planning Centre: 07.
(e) Sanitary toilet: 9170.
Communication & Transport
(a) Pitch Road: 109 Km.
(b) Half Pitch Road:400 Km.
(c) Non pitch road:38 Km.
(d) Number of Poll/ Culverts:443.
(e) Number of rivers:03 (Sunai, Kushiara, Surma).
(f) Ferighat: 02.
(g) Boarder with India: 24 Km.
(a) Number of Co-operation Samitee: 76.
(b) Co-operation Department: 40.
(c) Urban Development Board: 25.
(d) Number of Registered Club: 62.
(a) Police station: 01.
(b) Check post/ Fari: 01.
(c) BDR boarder Fari: 01.
(d) Custom Check post:01 (Sutarkandi).
(e) Number of Post office: 31.
(f) Telephone Exchange: 01
(g) Electricity Sub-station:01 (Polly Bidyuth).
(h) Number of villages use of electricity: 156.
(i) Number of banks: 29.
(j) Number of Hut/Bazar: 38.
(k) Marriage Register office: 01.
(l) Gas/Oil kup: 02.
(m) Brick field: 11.
(n) Union Parishad office: 10.
(o) Press Club: 01.
(p) Conference Centre:01.
(q) Dak Banglo: 02.
(r) Eadgah: 36.
(s) Muktijuddah Songsod: 12.
(t) Number of Freedom Fighter: 581.
Number of Villages – 11
1) Kasbah, 2) Sreedara, 3) Nobang, 4) Khasa, 5) Noyagram, 6) Khasari Para, 7) Fotehpur, 8) Nidonpur, 9) Supatola, 10) Lasaitola ( a part), 11) Dasgram.
Number of Villages – 16
1) Rozakpur, 2) Chondorpur, 3) Korgram, 4) Khasa, 5) Chandagram, 6) Uttorbag, 7)Khalagram, 8) Ujandhaki, 9)Konkolosh, 10) Raykhail, 11) Alinagar, 12) Kadimolik, 13) Mohammedpur, 14) Hetimkhani, 15) Fulmolik, 16) Purbo kholagram
Number of Villages – 26
1) Adinabad, 2) Jalalnagar, 3) Kamargram, 4) Baghbari, 5) Dahal, 6) Deulgram, 7) Koskatkha, 8) Longla Kuna, 9) Bilua, 10) Torongo, 11) Polly Shashon, 12) Hajarapara, 13)Shachanchak, 14) Shikarpur, 15) Deogram, 16) Natesshor, 17) Poilgram, 18) Chakrabani, 19) Gula, 20) Girkhai, 21) Shafachak, 22) Noyagram, 23) Nondagram, 24) Sachan, 25) Kakura, 26) Noyorchak.
Number of Villages – 16.
1) Kharabora, 2) Dubag Uttor, 3) Dubag Dokhin, 4) Bangalhuda, 5) Borogram, 6) Choria Uttor, 7) Choria Dokhin, 8) Noya Dubag, 9) Goylapur, 10) Gojukata, 11) Moiakhali, 12) Sylheti Para, 13) Panjipuri, 14) Kunagram, 15) Meoa, 16) Izra.
Number of Villages – 15
1) Balinga, 2) Charaboi, 3) Dakhinbag, 4) Dattagram, 5) Dattagram Chak, 6) Daudpur, 7) Deounagar, 8) Digalbag, 9) Gangkul, 10) Sheola Bil, 11) Kakordia, 12) Shaleesshor, 13) Teradol, 14) Gorua, 15) Kuna Shalesshor.
Number of Villages – 12
1) Akakhajna, 2) Uttor Akakhajna, 3) Angarjur, 4) Angura, 5) Laujari, 6) Angura Mohammedpur, 7) Deoulgram, 8) Govindasree, 9) Khasirbond, 10) Gorerbond, 11) Khasir, 12) Devosree.
Number of Villages – 14
1) Mathiura Purbopar, 2) Mathiura Poschimpar, 3) Mathiura Uttorpar, 4) Sheikhlal, 5) Dudbokshi, 6) Purushpal, 7) Duakha, 8) Minarai, 9) Khalagram,10) Kandigram, 11) Arengabad, 12) Nalbahar, 13) Raybashi, 14) Sutarkandi.
Number of Villages – 22
1) Tilpara, 2) Dasura, 3) Matijura, 4) Malopara, 5) Bibirai, 6) Uluori, 7) Nasirpur, 8) Bilbari, 9) Surertek, 10) Baborband, 11) Nondisshor, 12) Inam, 13) Polorpur, 14) Debarai, 15) Debaraichak, 16) Halimpur, 17) Sanesshor, 18) Gangkul, 19) Kalain, 20) Vuruchia, 21) Islampur, 22) Voraut.
Number of Villages – 11
1) Paton, 2) Lamapaton, 3) Abdullahpur, 4) Matikata, 5) Lasaitola (a part), 6) Lama Nidanpur, 7) Mullapur, 8) Alipur, 9) Kotukhalirpur, 10) Kasatul, 11) Lalbaurbag.
Number of Villages – 21
1) Gungadia, 2) Borodesh, 3) Nowagram, 4) Maligram, 5) Shapla, 6) Chutodesh, 7) Fengram, 8) Chandagram, 9) Kunagram, 10) Tajpur, 11) Chatrish, 12) Avongi, 13) Pathoria, 14) Saropar, 15) Tekoikuna, 16) Noyagram, 17) Baruda, 18) Bagon, 19) Astogori, 20) Ilaspur, 21) Maijkapon.
Number of Villages – 22
1) Paton ( a part), 2) Gojarai, 3) Sonkhala, 4) Nondirfor, 5) Bahadurpur, 6) Baurbag, 7) Izlortuk, 8) Gangpar, 9) Tikorpara, 10) Bagprochondo Kha, 11) Gulatikor, 12) Baroigram, 13) Komlabari, 14) Patuli, 15) Naowala, 16) Thanaghat, 17) Kalaiura, 18) Kanli, 19) Pariabohor, 20) Jaldhup, 21) Kismot, 22) Astosangon